The Functional Resume is among the three main types of resumes. This resume organizes the information by skill, accomplishment and qualification sets and omits dates of specific jobs and employers. It is used for applicants whose education and experiences do not match with their career objective. It is focused on what applicant knows and what he/she has accomplished, so employers or recruiters can see applicants’ skills in a logical style.
ADVANTAGESBelow you can find a list of the strengths that provides a functional resume:
- When a career path is not apparent, job seekers use this type of resume to not cause a bad impression to employers or recruiters that they do not know what they want to do.
- If you are a graduating college student and new in the workplace, this resume helps to highlight your knowledge and not where you have worked.
- If you performedemployment gaps in your career, it helps to cover up those gaps; or if you regularly change jobs and not want your next employer pick up that habit, functional resumes help you to hide job-hopping.
- If you are considered as overqualifiedor look upwards from your past jobs, this type of resume can help to emphasize skills to avoid attention for your job titles.
DISADVANTAGEThe major weakness of functional resumes is that employers or recruiters could be looking for information that this resume avoids putting on the resume; it can make the hiring managers suspicious or nervous about the job seeker. Be sure that the advantages outweigh the disadvantage before you use this format of resume.
HOW TO MAKE A FUNCTIONAL RESUME?
Functional resumes typically include the following elements, it is important to consider its order:
- Heading: like the majority of resumes include your name and contact information, such as: current address, zip code, area code, telephone number and e-mail address.
- Objective: it is an optionalelement in which you define the position you are applying for, so keep in mind that the statement should be as precise as possible.
- Qualifications: make a list of your best skills or qualifications that you want to be sure the employer is aware of. These might be related to the position you are applying for. This section could be called as Summary or Profile, and it is optional.
- Professional or Related Experiences: This is the main part of your resume. You can use different categories or sections to highlight particular areas of skill. List these categories according their importance to the position you are applying for and be sure that within each category you stress skills directly related to the job position. Below you can find a list of categories you could consider:
- Education: every job has a list of requiredor desirededucational background that applicants should have, so it might be right up front in the document.
- Honors, Certifications and Licenses Held: include a bulleted list of certifications, educational honors and professional licenses.
- Careers Skills and Knowledge: list skills and knowledge youaccumulated over time to projectagood image of your experience.
- Career Achievements: this part includes a list of what you believe are the most significant career accomplishments.
- Employment History: make a list in reverse chronological order about jobs that include the job title, employer name and location (city and state) and dates of employment.
- References: these might be on a separate sheet of paper with your name at the top. Each reference must include name, title, organization, address, and phone number. Keep in mind to askprevious employers for permission to be used as a reference.
WHO SHOULD USE FUNCTIONAL RESUMES?
- Individuals who have been out of the work force for an extended time or those who have multi-track job histories, or work history gaps.
- College students with minimal experience and/or experience unrelated to their career field.
- People who wish to enter a different field from what all their previous experience points to.
- Military personnel that enter a different field from the work they did.
- Job-seekers with experiences in volunteer work or college activities.
- Those with similar activities throughout their past jobs and want to avoid repeating them.
- Older workers trying to deemphasize their long job history.