How to Write a Cover Letter (With Tips & Examples)

Kellie Hanna, CPRW
By Kellie Hanna, CPRW, Career Advice Expert Last Updated: April 02, 2024

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Writing a compelling cover letter is an essential step in the job application process, as it provides an opportunity to make a strong first impression, highlight your qualifications and demonstrate your enthusiasm and fit for the job.

In this guide, we’ll cover everything you need to know about how to write a cover letter for a job application. Plus we’ll provide cover letter examples and expert tips on how to write a successful cover letter that lands interviews.

Video: Learn how to write a cover letter in our cover letter builder

What is a cover letter?

A cover letter is a one-page document that accompanies your resume or CV when you apply for a job. See our guides on how to write a resume and how to make a CV while you craft your job application. 

A well-written cover letter can help you stand out from other applicants and demonstrate your enthusiasm and passion for the position. 

It serves as an opportunity for you to showcase your communication and writing skills, as well as your attention to detail and professionalism.

We’ll teach you how to write a good cover letter so that you can craft this job-winning document with ease. Your cover letter should accomplish the following:

  • Introduce yourself to the hiring managers.
  • Provide details about your qualifications.
  • Tell employers why you want to work for them.
  • Illustrate why you’re the best match for the job.
  • Explain circumstances like job hopping or gaps in employment. 

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What to include in a cover letter

All cover letters follow a basic business letter structure and should include the sections detailed below. Explore our guide on what to include in a cover letter for a detailed overview of each section.

How to write a cover letter for a job application

Step 1

Do your research

Wondering how to write a great cover letter? Preparation is key. Researching the essential information before you start writing will save you time and ensure you put your best foot forward.

First, review the job description to compare it with your professional skills and qualifications. Make a checklist of areas where your skills match the requirements of the job. Make note of the following areas: 

  • Notable accomplishments from previous jobs.
  • Any volunteer work where you gained skills listed in the job description.
  • Skills that match the required skills in the job listing. Include a mix of hard skills and soft skills.
  • Educational qualifications, including certificates and licenses.
  • Relevant awards and honors.

Next, research the company to get a sense of its culture and values. This will help you create a personalized cover letter that indicates your genuine interest in the company. Take notes on the following areas: 

  • Get an idea of the company’s culture, mission and values so that you can tell the hiring manager why you’re a great fit. 
  • Research the company’s news and press releases so you can congratulate key players on recent milestones or explain how you will contribute to future goals.
  • Learn the hiring manager’s name so that you can address your cover letter to them.


Choose a cover letter template

Want to know how to write a perfect cover letter? Use a cover letter template. Using a professionally designed template ensures that your cover letter format is ATS-friendly and vetted by career advice experts.

We have hundreds of templates to help you get started on the right track. Pick from modern, creative, or simple styles to match your CV or resume template and build a professional cover letter in minutes. Not sure if a template’s right for you? Try one for free!


Add a professional header

Cover letter headers follow the standard business letter format. A cover letter header typically includes your name, address, phone number and email address. It should be placed at the top of the page and aligned to the left or center.

Include your contact information

Place your name, city, state, ZIP code, phone number and email address in your cover letter heading. Your email address should be professional like “,” and not personal like “” Include links to your LinkedIn profile or professional online portfolio if you have one.

Add Your Contact Info

Include the recipient’s contact information

First, write the current date followed by a space. Then include the hiring manager’s name and title, company address and the hiring manager’s email address. It should look like this:

Recipients Address


Greet the hiring manager

Greet the hiring manager by name whenever possible to establish a personal connection. If you are unsure of their gender, you can use their first and last name. 

For example: “Dear [hiring manager’s full name],” 

If you are certain of the hiring manager’s gender, you can address them using “Mr.” or “Ms.” in your cover letter. Avoid using “Mrs.” or “Miss” as these titles imply that you are assuming the hiring manager’s marital status. 

Don’t use informal language like “Hello,” or “Hi,” or outdated salutations like“Dear Sir or Madam” or “To Whom it May Concern” to greet the person reading your letter. 

If your research doesn’t turn up a name, then use “Dear Hiring Manager” or “Dear Hiring Team.” Take a look at some acceptable and unacceptable salutations below.

  • Dear Lucy Garcia,
  • Dear Ms. Lowe,
  • Dear Hiring Manager,
  • Dear Vice President of Marketing,
  • Hi there!
  • Hey Mr. Jones,
  • Dear Sir,
  • Sam Spade:


Write a compelling introduction

The opening sentences of a cover letter act as your elevator pitch. You should clearly and concisely tell hiring managers why you are the best fit for the job. 

But how do you start a cover letter in a way that intrigues hiring managers and makes them want to read more?

The following examples can help you write a cover letter introduction that grabs the attention of hiring managers.

Assert your interest in the role or company

Want to know how to write a cover letter that stands out? It all starts with a compelling introduction that confidently asserts your interest in the position.

“I was excited to see that Tech Solutions — a company I respect for its innovation — has an opening for an experienced lead producer.”

Emphasize your skills and experience

Start your cover letter off strong with a brief explanation of your top skills and experiences that make you a great fit for the role.

“With seven years of experience in production for leading start-up companies in Silicon Valley, I have in-depth knowledge of cyber security and cloud computing and know my way around artificial intelligence.”

Show you’ve done some research

Mention an interesting fact or statistic from an article, news story or the company’s website.

“When I saw that WILCO Services was touted in Business Magazine for being one of the most inclusive companies in the world, I knew I had to apply for the marketing associate position.”

Highlight measurable accomplishments

Showcase your qualifications by mentioning an impressive award, honor or measurable accomplishment from a past role.

“As director of Visit Mass, I created tourism programs that resulted in a 30% increase in international tourists to Massachusetts in 2019.”

Tell your professional story

Tell a story about why you are applying. Discuss how your passion and motivation have driven your career choices and how they align with the position and company. 

“When I was a child, I spent my days in the city parks around my neighborhood, listening to birds sing and watching squirrels jump through trees. Those days instilled a passion in me for wildlife that has intensified over the years and, combined with admiration for the animal rehabilitation programs at Prospect Park Nature Conservancy, led me to apply for the Wildlife Technician position at the conservancy.”

Mention a shared contact

If applicable, mention a shared contact that you have with the hiring manager. This can help explain who you heard about the role from and establish a personal connection with the hiring manager.

“Jayne Peck told me you had an opening on your graphics team, and I’m thrilled to apply for the role. You and I know Jayne from Volunteers for the Bay, where I volunteered on the cleanup crew in 2017.”


Write the body paragraphs

The body paragraphs of your cover letter should explain why you’re the best candidate for the job. Follow the expert tips below to learn how to write a professional cover letter with engaging body paragraphs.

  • If you have work experience in your target role or industry, detail your work accomplishments and use numbers to quantify the results of your actions.
  • If you’re applying for your first job, connect the new opportunity with a personal or school project, extracurricular activity or internship.
  • Highlight relevant skills from your work experience and explain clearly how you can apply them to the job.
  • If you think you’re a shoo-in for the company’s culture, show it! For example, if you enjoy volunteering for social justice causes and you are applying to a nonprofit organization focused on social justice, explain why the company’s mission is meaningful to you.
  • If you’re changing careers, emphasize your transferable skills. Career change cover letters that emphasize transferable skills are more effective because they show prospects that you can perform the work with little or no experience.


Write a closing paragraph

When you write a cover letter closing statement, make it clear to the employer that you’re excited about the possibility of working with them and that you are confident you have the expertise to be successful at the job.

Remember that you’re writing a cover letter to a specific person, so thank them for their time and consideration. 

You should also encourage the recipient to follow up (e.g., “I look forward to further discussing my qualifications with you”). A “call to action” in your cover letter closing paragraph shows hiring managers that you’re serious about the job and confident in your qualifications.

Here are a few examples of how to write a strong cover letter closing paragraph.

I have attached my resume and creative portfolio to my application for further review of my credentials. I am eager to speak with you about this role and greatly appreciate your consideration. Please contact me at your earliest convenience to discuss my background in more detail.

Thank you for your time and consideration. I’m excited about the prospect of working for the Museum of Ancient History. I look forward to discussing what I learned in my year abroad as an English teacher and how I can apply those lessons to the docent role. Feel free to contact me any time during the week.

I’m confident that a review of my resume and portfolio will convince you that I have the technical skills and knowledge necessary to be successful in the lead designer role at Creative Ads, LLC. I’m excited about the opportunity and would be thrilled to meet with you and your team next week to discuss my ideas for your next campaign. Please contact me this week to schedule a convenient date and time.


Sign off

Signing off a cover letter professionally is crucial as it demonstrates your attention to detail, professionalism and respect for the hiring manager and the company. 

A professional signoff can also show that you are serious about the job and that you have taken the time to craft a well-written and thoughtful cover letter. 

See how to write a proper cover letter signoff below (and what language to avoid).

  • Sincerely,
  • Best regards,
  • Kind regards,
  • Thank you,
  • Yours,
  • Take Care,
  • Cheers,
  • Thanks!


Proofread your cover letter

Knowing how to write a formal cover letter isn’t all there is to making a cover letter. You’ll also need to proofread your letter at least once before sending it to a potential employer. Typos and cover letter formatting mistakes can reduce your chances of getting hired.

When you’ve finished proofreading, have someone else read it for you too, just to be sure it’s job application ready. You can ask a trusted friend or family member, a former colleague or a professional mentor to read your cover letter. 

Be specific about the feedback you are seeking. For example, you might ask for constructive criticism in the following areas: 

  • Relevance: Does your cover letter demonstrate how your skills and experience match the job requirements?
  • Clarity: Is your writing clear, concise and easy to understand?
  • Tone: Is your tone professional and appropriate for the company and position you are applying for?
  • Grammar and spelling: Are there any grammatical errors or spelling mistakes that need to be corrected?
  • Formatting: Is your cover letter formatted properly with a clear and organized structure?
  • Overall impression: Does your cover letter make a strong impression and effectively communicate your enthusiasm and interest for the position?

Alternatively, you can seek the advice of a career counselor or professional resume writer who can review your cover letter and provide constructive criticism to help you improve your application.

Cover letter writing checklist

Now that you know how to write a compelling cover letter, we recommend running through this cover letter writing checklist to ensure that your document isn’t missing anything.

  • Template
    • Did you choose a cover letter design that matches your resume?
  • Contact information
    • Are your name, location, phone number and email address up to date and displayed at the top of your cover letter?
    • Did you add a link to your professional portfolio or website and your current LinkedIn profile (if you have them)?
  • Date
    • Did you add the current date at the top of your cover letter?
  • Company information
    • Did you address your letter to the hiring manager by name and include their title, email address and the correct company address?
  • Salutation
    • Did you greet the hiring manager, recruiter or HR associate by name or title?
    • Did you use a polite but formal greeting?
  • Opening paragraph
    • Are the first few sentences of your cover letter clear and compelling?
    • Do you convey enthusiasm for the job?
  • Body paragraphs
    • Did you effectively express how you can apply your skills, experience and achievements to the target job to help the company achieve its goals?
    • Did you highlight one or two things you like about the company, such as its values or culture and why?
  • Closing paragraph
    • Did you thank the reader for their time?
    • Did you end your cover letter with a call to action?
  • Sign-off
    • Did you use a proper, formal closure to end your letter?

How to write a cover letter that stands out

How To Make Cl Fast

A professional cover letter template is the best way to craft a cover letter that stands out. Use one of our professionally designed templates with our Cover Letter Builder to make a cover letter in minutes. 

Our cover letter templates frame your qualifications with the correct formatting, and they meet the latest applicant tracking system (ATS) requirements. See how to make an ATS-friendly resume to ensure that your job application reaches hiring managers. 

Our builder makes writing a cover letter a snap with the following features:

  • Job-specific phrases and skills: Click to add job-specific content suggestions written by Certified Professional Resume Writers (CPRW).
  • Step-by-step guidance: Get expert advice on how to write a good cover letter at every step to help you showcase your top skills and qualifications. 
  • Easy customization: Write a cover letter for every job application and save as many versions of it as you need.
  • Multiple download formats: Save and export your cover letter as a PDF, DOCX or plain text.

Cover letter tips from career advice experts

We spoke with David Grimes, director of people and talent operations at Taulia LLC, about the importance of creating a cover letter for your job application.

Grimes told us, “I sincerely appreciate cover letters, as they signal to me an amplification of interest and offer an additional opportunity to convey that [job candidates] have taken the time to truly review the position or organization and see an alignment.”

“When done well, a cover letter can provide a window into the candidate as they picture themselves at our organization.”

– David Grimes, Director of People and Talent Operations at Taulia LLC

While you write, keep the following pointers in mind to craft a standout document. Here are our top five tips for how to make a cover letter that hiring managers will love:


  • Follow instructions. Don’t send a Word document if the job posting says to send your letter as a PDF. If it tells you to send your cover letter as an email attachment, then do so. If the job posting says to write your cover letter in the body of an email, then do that. If you fail to follow all instructions in a job ad, you will likely not be considered for the position.
  • Tailor your cover letter to the job. Hiring managers know a generic cover letter when they see one — and they’ll usually ignore it. That’s why it’s critical to customize your cover letter to show your enthusiasm for the specific job and company you’re applying to. Use resume keywords from the job description to showcase that your skills match the requirements of the role.
  • Don’t apologize. Never point out the skills and experience you lack. If you are qualified for the job but don’t have much experience in the field, don’t apologize. Instead, focus on experiences like volunteering, school projects and community service you’ve done that make you a good fit and play up your transferable skills.
  • Don’t overshare. While writing a cover letter to explain a career change or job gap is a good idea, sharing every detail about your life or career is not. Do not share personal information such as political views, salary expectations or irrelevant hobbies.

  • Use a professional tone. We stress the importance of conveying enthusiasm when you write a cover letter because it demonstrates your interest in the position. However, use caution when displaying your zeal. Keep your tone professional, genuine and confident without going overboard. 

Professional cover letters

Get inspired by our professionally crafted cover letters for top jobs and industries. You can use them with our builder to make a cover letter that effectively highlights your skills and qualifications.

Cover letters for top jobs

ER Nurse

Shift Coordinator Cover Letter Example

Administrative Assistant

Administrative Assistant Cover Letter Example

Mechanical Engineer

Mechanical Engineer Cover Letter Example

Personal Trainer

Personal Trainer Cover Letter Example

Registered Nurse

Registered Nurse Cover Letter Example

Security Officer

Security Officer Cover Letter Example


Beautician Cover Letter Example

Car Driver

Car Driver Cover Letter Example

Cover letters by situation

Here’s how to write a cover letter with no experience.

Journalist Cover Letter Example

Use this professional cover letter as a guide for your career change cover letter.

Video Editor Cover Letter Example

Here’s what to include in a cover letter if you have employment gaps.

Creative Copywriter Cover Letter Example

Use this “cold call” cover letter to proactively contact the company you want to work for.

Illustrator Cover Letter Example

Here’s how to write a cover letter for a job that isn’t advertised.

English Teacher Cover Letter Example

Here’s how to write a cover letter for a temporary to a permanent position.

Library Assistant Cover Letter Example

Here’s how to write a cover letter for an internal position at the same company.

Publicist Cover Letter Example

Cover letter for when you’re seeking a promotion.

Customer Service Manager Cover Letter Example

Key Takeaways

  1. A cover letter is a one-page document that introduces you to the hiring manager, expands upon the information in your resume and explains why you’re an excellent fit for the role.
  2. Address the cover letter to the hiring manager. If you can’t find their name, then address them as “Hiring Manager,” by their title or address the department.
  3. Write a cover letter introduction that immediately grabs the hiring manager’s attention and compels them to keep reading.
  4. It’s a good idea to use a professionally designed cover letter template to ensure your cover letter is formatted correctly.
  5. Tailor your cover letter to your target job and use keywords from the job description that accurately reflect your skills and qualifications.


How we reviewed this article

Since 2013, we have helped more than 15 million job seekers. We want to make your career journey accessible and manageable through our services and Career Center’s how-to guides and tips. In our commitment to bring you a transparent process, we present our Editorial Process.


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