Cover Letter Format: How to Format a Cover Letter in 2023
Not sure how to format a cover letter? You’ve come to the right place! Read on for expert tips and cover letter format examples.
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A cover letter is a straightforward business document that follows a standard business letter format, as this sample cover letter format shows.
How to format a cover letter
A cover letter is an introduction to your resume. The purpose of a professional cover letter format is to effectively frame your qualifications — including your character and interest in the position — so you can get a chance at a job interview. Your cover letter format has to be perfect if you want employers to read your letter.
Follow this guide to learn how to format a cover letter for a job application correctly. You’ll want to include:
Your contact information
A proper cover letter format begins with a header that contains the job seeker’s contact information. Your contact information should match your resume, and it must be current and professional. Leave the silly email addresses like firstname.lastname@example.org for personal correspondence and have a professional email address like YourName@mail.com ready for job applications.
Contact information in a cover letter format should include:
- Your full name
- City, state and ZIP code
- Phone number
- Email address
- A link to your LinkedIn profile, professional website or portfolio if you have them
Hiring manager’s contact information
Every business letter includes the recipient’s contact information. A cover letter address format looks like this:
January 13, 2022
Leona Evans, Office Manager
Climate Solutions Corp
Franklin Park, IL 60131
A job application letter format calls for a professional and formal greeting. Use “Dear” rather than “Hello” or “Hi” in your cover letter salutation, and address the reader by name. Do your best to find the name through their website, LinkedIn or by searching online.
Don’t use formal titles such as “Mr.” “Miss” and “Ms.” unless you know the person’s gender; otherwise, you run the risk of misidentifying the person you’re addressing. Instead, use their full name, like “Dear Bruce Jackson.”
If you can’t find the hiring manager’s name after doing some research, it is acceptable to greet your reader by their title, like “Dear Professor” or “Dear Doctor.” You may also address a department, like “To the Hiring Manager” or “To the Human Resources Department.” Never write a generic greeting like “To Whom it May Concern.”
Like all business letters, cover letter formats start with a brief but engaging opening paragraph.
In three to four sentences, grab the hiring manager’s attention by enthusiastically making an opening “pitch” in which you tell them what you can do for them and then back it up. Convey passion for the work and confidence in your abilities — they won’t be able to turn away!
The format of a cover letter introduction follows a basic formula: Brief introduction + why you’re writing + why you are the best person for the job.
This cover letter formatting example shows what that looks like in practice:
I’m a marketing coordinator with five years of experience driving social media campaigns for Company B. I’ve been following Gadgets, Inc. on Instagram since the company was launched last year and was excited to see you have an opening for a social media manager. My consistent track record of conversion-winning campaigns at Company B shows that I can increase your customer base and retention by 25% in my first three months as your social media manager.
- Pro tip Numbers make a big impact! Quantify your achievements and goals in your cover letter format when possible.
It’s time to provide details about your matching skills and job experiences. A good cover letter format will have two or three body paragraphs that connect your top job qualifications with the requirements and responsibilities detailed in the job description.
Take a look at this cover letter format example paragraph to see what we mean:
Over the past two years, I’ve worked as a store manager, engaging with customers and handling inventory distribution for three sister stores. My experience working with transportation brokers, managing database information and maintaining high-level service aligns with what you’re looking for in a logistics manager.
Cover letter body paragraphs are also where you can show you’ve done your homework on the company, underscoring your interest and enthusiasm.
While you’re at it, mention specific aspects of the job and organization that attract you, like this:
I’m impressed with your company’s dedication to improving your products while sticking to environmentally friendly production processes. I share your passion for caring for the environment. To that end, I volunteer weekly at my local chapter of Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc.
- Pro tip The format for cover letter body paragraphs is three-to-four sentences each, so make every word count. Use action verbs throughout to pack a punch!
Closing paragraph with a call to action
How do you close a cover letter? As they say in show business, “leave them wanting more.”
The format for a cover letter closing is one paragraph consisting of three to four short sentences that confidently recap why you’re the best candidate for the role. It’s also a good idea to thank your reader for their time, reiterate genuine interest in the job, and — to finish with a flourish — invite the hiring manager to follow up with you for an interview.
Thank you for considering my application. I’m certain my talent for contract negotiations, eye for design and aptitude for organization make me the event planner you’ve been looking for. I’d be honored to show you why I was named “Planner of the Year” in 2018 and 2019 by Atlanta Magazine. Please contact me by phone or email at your earliest convenience to discuss how we can work together to achieve your event planning goals this year and beyond.
The cover letter standard format for a signoff is a simple formal phrase, followed by a comma, then a space, then the writer’s name.
Wrap up your cover letter with phrases like “Best regards,” “Regards,” “Respectfully,” or “Sincerely,” for your signoff.
Don’t use informal terms like “Thanks!” Take care,” “Cheers!” or “Have a nice day!”
How to format a cover letter
for an email
An email cover letter format is slightly different from a standard cover letter format. If the job description requires you to send your letter in the body of an email, then use these tips to organize your email message perfectly:
Create a professional subject line:
If the employer doesn’t give you specific instructions for submitting a cover letter for a job application, put the title of the position you’re interested in and your name in the subject line.
Start with the salutation:
You don’t need to include the employer’s mailing address when you format a cover letter for an email message, so jump straight to writing a formal greeting (e.g., “Dear Mrs. Jones,”).
Include your contact information at the bottom:
A professional format for a cover letter places your contact information underneath your signoff, in this order:
- Your full name
- City and state of residence
- Email address
- Phone number
- Job profile link (if available)
Your email cover letter message should look like this:
Learn more about how to format a cover letter for an email in our in-depth guide.
Free cover letter format examples
Get inspiration from a cover letter sample format. We have an extensive library of cover letter layouts for most jobs, industries, career levels and circumstances, so you’re sure to find the best cover letter format for your needs.
Modern cover letter format example
This format for a cover letter presents a sleek, readable appearance — perfect for situations where you want to present yourself as an up-to-date, cutting-edge employee.
Cover letter professional format example
You can’t go wrong with this professional cover letter format for jobs that emphasize reliability, efficiency and productivity.
Creative sample cover letter format
Make your cover letter layout stand out from the crowd with this design, utilizing elegant colors and a stylish monogram design.
Key cover letter format takeaways
Here’s a quick recap to wrap up so you can write the perfect cover letter and get an interview.
- A cover letter format follows a straightforward business letter format.
- Use 1-inch margins with a common font like Helvetica in 12-point size for maximum legibility.
- Align the date and hiring manager’s address at the top left under the cover letter heading.
- Start with an attention-grabbing opening paragraph that shows interest in the position and confidence that you are the best fit.
- There are two or three body paragraphs in a cover letter format. Use them to elaborate on why you’re interested in the job and the skills you can bring.
- Emphasize past achievements and use numbers to make an impact.
- Don’t be afraid to invite the hiring manager to contact you for an interview in your cover letter closing.
- Your letter should be one page and 500-words long.
- A cover letter template makes it easy to create a professional cover letter. Use one with our Cover Letter Builder and we will format a cover letter for you.
Just three easy steps
- Select a template from our library of professional designs
- Build your cover letter with our industry-specific bullet points
- Download your cover letter and send!
You've taken a big leap forward in your job search by choosing a cover letter template from MyPerfectResume.